Web Design and Web Development

Designing a website involves translating an idea into an actual website. A web designer is in charge of the web design process. Web designers design a website’s look and feel. As an architect designs the physical layout of your house, so a web designer models the layout of a website before handing the design to a developer for development. Web design utilizes a complex set of tools to design a website’s user experience with the goal of creating an intuitive environment for visitors.

These tools allow designers to create a model of the website that implements various user interaction needs. When designing a website, a designer begins with the site’s scope that defines a site’s focus and purpose. Designers begin the design process by mentally visualizing a site’s layout and creating a corresponding draft or sketch. Designers crystallize their design ideas by producing prototypes representing a website’s features.

Using website design components, a designer creates a layout of an entire website’s typography, web pages, icons, and other navigational features. Relying on various components of web design, designers layout the visual look and feel of a website.
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Web Development
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Using the design specifications from a web designer, developers implement the design elements to achieve the actual website. To achieve the development process; developers have access to different design environments and tools.

Web development is divided into three categories; frontend developers, back end developers, and full stack developers. Frontend developers act as the link between web designers and backend developers with an understanding of both roles. Frontend developers are responsible for creating the user interface that governs how user’s interface with a website’s functionality.

Languages such as Cascading Style Sheets, Hypertext Markup, and JavaScript are typically used to define a website’s frontend features. These languages allow the frontend developer to specify a site’s layout, images, animations, font types, navigation, and data entry forms. Backend development specifies how a website’s data processing functions are accomplished. A website needs backend services if handling dynamic content or data. Data processing backends enable a website’s data saving, processing, and retrieval functionality, for example, blog editing or user account creation.

To store user generated content, websites rely on a backend that has the capability to store and retrieve data for future use. To enable data processing features on the website, developers rely on programming languages such as PHP or ASP.NET to program a website’s backend. To write database queries, developers employ languages such as SQL or MySQL.

Full Stack Developers

The third category of developers is known as full stack developers, who can implement both web design and development. Full stack developers can singlehandedly build entire websites.

Developers in this category handle all frontend, backend, and other design specifications for sites. The role played by developers and designers is critical in the implementation of a website. Without this relationship, websites cannot be built. Though the fields are closely related, they are dissimilar professions. Both fields are complementary.